Industries-HouseholdProductsCosmetics and household products can be comprised of many different materials. It is crucial to know the material properties of each product in order to verify the functionality. At Ebatco, our expert scientists will provide accurate results in an efficient manner. You will receive a professional report with tables and graphs in order to provide all of the necessary knowledge to determine whether the product meets all of its desired specifications.

The cosmetics industry is constantly reaching new heights based on the demand of loyal customers. Applying performance engineering principles to the materials used in different make-up products can allow lower manufacturing costs and create a more enticing product for the consumer. At Ebatco, we have the capabilities of testing both powder and liquid make-up for their spreadability, adhesion properties and more. When it comes to the household products industry, spreadability and wettability are also important factors. It is essential that your product will be able to cover the largest area possible to clean more efficiently. Let the scientists at Ebatco be your guides to nanotechnology and verify your products material properties.

When developing a new product or verifying the material properties of one that has been on the shelf for years, the lab specialists at Ebatco can help with quantification of ingredients, particle sizing, surface tension, insurance claim support, and more. With our tests, feel secure in the knowledge that the product has the desired material properties and ensure the ability to stock premier products on the shelves. If you have any questions about the services or instrumentation available at Ebatco, feel free to call or email and a member of our team will be able to further assist you.


Characterization of an unknown substance Comparison of cosmetic particle sizes Consumer complaint and insurance claim support Determination of detergent surface tension Evaluation of gels and creams for interfacial tension
Quantification of ingredients Root-cause analysis of premature failure      


For more information please read our application notes:
Are You Using Too Much Detergent to Wash Your Dishes
Density and Surface Tension of Ink
Interfacial adhesion evaluation of paint coating on Pepsi Can through Scratch Testing
Light Load Reciprocating Wear of Computer Hard Disk Coatings
Low Vacuum SEM Analysis of Biological Sample – Goldenrod Flower
Melting Temperature and Latent Heat of Fusion of Indium
Micro Contact Angle Measurements on Single Particles, Filaments and Patterned Surfaces
Nano micro Pore Size and Pore Size Distribution Measurement
Particle Sizing of Coffee grounds
Particle Sizing of Tap and Bottled Water
Refractive Index Measurements to Compare Chemical Purity
Surface and Interfacial Tension of Liquids


Are You Using Too Much Detergent to Wash Your Dishes


Everyone enjoys a tasty and rich dinner with many courses from salads, main courses to deserts. However, the after-dinner cleaning might not always be everyone’s favorite chore. If you have washed those greasy dishes, you may have experienced that just water can not do the trick to remove oily organic soiling. That is when the dishwashing detergents come in to save our days. Commercial dishwashing detergent products contain surfactants which are amphiphilic molecules and can interact with both hydrophobic and hydrophilic surfaces. During dishwashing, these surfactant molecules reduce the surface tension of the washing liquid so that it can get in between the dish and the oily soiling and thus makes the oily soiling be easily rinsed away. How much detergent do you need? Are you using too much or too little? One of the scientific ways to know how much you should use is to know the critical micelle concentration or CMC of that detergent. Using more than CMC in dishwashing may waste detergent, using less than CMC may reduce the cleaning efficiency.


CMC, the critical concentration at which micelles start to form, is an important characteristic of a surfactant. The lower the CMC is, the lower the maximum free surfactant monomer concentration is and the easier for the surfactant to form stable micelles. CMC value is also a guide to detergent hydrophobic binding strength. The higher the CMC is, the weaker the surfactant binding strength is. One common method to determine the CMC is surface tension measurements of the surfactant solution at variable concentrations. The surface tension of a solution decreases greatly when increasing the concentration of a surfactant before reaching its CMC. At the CMC, the surface tension remains relatively constant or reduces very slowly with further increases to the concentration.




Three commercially available dishwashing detergents: DAWN, Full Circle and Palmolive were analyzed in order to determine their CMC and corresponding surface tension values. The testing instrument used for performing the CMC tests is a Surface Tensiometer model DY-700 made by Kyowa Interface Science Co., Ltd. (Tokyo, Japan) with a Hiranuma UCB 2000 Auto Buret. The instrument allows for automatically controlled addition of surfactant solution to a test sample. The measurement process is run automatically after set up until the preset termination criteria are met. To shorten the test run time for the CMC measurement tests the original detergent samples were diluted with de-ionized water 100 to 1000 times beforehand.




The data presented in Table 1 and Figure 2 was obtained on the three commercially available detergent brands, DAWN, Full Circle and Palmolive. The concentration values, shown as volume concentration (Vol. %), were calculated based on the assumption that the original samples had been purely surfactants before they were diluted with de-ionized water. As can be seen from Table 1, the three dishwashing detergents have reduced water surface tension significantly from 72.8 mN/m for pure water at room temperature to 25.5-27.0 mN/m when CMC was reached. The CMC for DAWN was only one seventh that of Full Circle and Palmolive. Therefore, you should put much less detergent in when you use DAWN than you would when you use Full Circle or Palmolive.