Using a high speed camera, powerful optics and a unique picoliter to nanoliter droplet dispensing system enables contact angle measurements of micron sized surfaces and features. Micro contact angle measurement is great for fibers, micro patterns and surfaces too small for conventional contact angle analysis. The technique makes it possible to characterize transient and dynamic liquid-solid interaction such as vaporization and condensation.

Typical Experimental Results:

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Micro contact angle measurements on a single particle (left) and a metal post (right).

 

Applications:

5µm, 30µm and 50µm Capillaries 60 Frame per Second Capture Speed Coating Uniformity
Controlled Light Source Correction of Curvature Dynamic Micro Contact Angle
Fibers Hydrophobicity/Hydrophilicity Individual Powder Particles
Lotus Effect MEMS Devices Nano/Micro Patterned Surfaces
Nanoliter (nL) to Picoliter (pL) Size Droplets Oleophobicity/Oleophilicty Pressure Driven Liquid Dispenser
Slider Heads Stents Surface Chemistry
Surface Contamination Water Repellant Fibers  Wettability

For more information please read our application notes:
Micro Contact Angle Measurements on Single Particles, Filaments and Patterned Surfaces

 

Key Specifications:

Resolution 0.1°
Measure Range 0-180°
Drop Size pL – nL
Image Capture Device CCD Camera at 60 FPS
Analysis Method Half angle, circle, ellipse, tangent
Maximum Sample Size 35x25x5mm
Working Distance 33mm

 

Instruments: Kyowa MCA-3 Micro Contact Angle Meter

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Micro Contact Angle Measurements on Single Particles, Filaments and Patterned Surfaces

 

The micro contact angle meter we have in our Nano Analytical and Testing Laboratory (NAT Lab) is specially designed for the pioneers in the micro/nano fields. The instrument is equipped with a unique capillary liquid dispensing system that has an inner diameter of 5-50µm, for making a liquid drop <30µm in size and picoliter to nanoliter in volume. In addition, the instrument comes with orthogonal vertical and horizontal high magnification optics for accurately placing and measuring such small drops on micrometer features, and CCD cameras with high capturing speeds of 60 frames per second for studying dynamic characteristics of interaction between micron size liquid droplets and solid surfaces.   AppNote-52

 

In synergy with its sensitivity of detecting monolayer molecules, contact angle measurement at microscale has been proven to be an ideal and indispensible tool to study surface properties of single particles, filaments, fibers, medical lead and guide wires, patterned organic light emitting display, microcircuits, microfluidic channels, micropatterned surfaces, lotus effect, and highspeed ink-jet printing. The high speed capturing capability of the instrument is deemed advantageous in determining strong dependency of contact angles on time at millisecond intervals. The recorded feature-rich dynamics of micron size drops is valuable for investigating sensitive surface chemistry, vapor evaporation and adsorption, surface contamination and cleanliness, wettability, hydrophilicity and hydrophobicity changes at micro/nano scales.

 

The captured images shown in Figure 1 exemplify the types of surfaces that can be tested with the micro contact angle meter. Using the vertical high magnification optics, a micron-sized droplet was accurately placed on a small hydroxyapatite coated Ti post on an orthopedic implant, a single Al2O3 particle, and a polymeric fiber used in baby diaper products. Then the software determined the contact angles using one of several curve fitting routines based on the captured image of the cross-sectional profiles of the sessile drops. Please note that a curvature correction routine standardized in the measurement software has been applied to the contact angles measured on the curved objects. The actual contact angles are much smaller than those appeared on the images when flat baselines are used.

 

ASTM Number Title Website Link
D7490-13 Standard Test Method for Measurement of the Surface Tension of Solid Coatings, Substrates and Pigments using Contact Angle Measurements Link
D7541-11 Standard Practice for Estimating Critical Surface Tensions Link
C813-90 Standard Test Method for Hydrophobic Contamination on Glass by Conact Angle Measurement Link
D5946-09 Standard Test Method for Corona-Treated Polymer Films Using Water Contact Angle Measurements Link

 

ISO Number Title Website Link
15989 Plastics–Film and sheeting– Measurement of water-contact angle of corona-treated films Link
27448 Fine ceramics (advanced ceramics, advanced technical ceramics)– Test method for self-cleaning performance of semiconducting photocatalytic materials– Measurement of water contact angle Link